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. 2007 Nov 27;5:63.
doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-5-63.

The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): development and UK validation

Free PMC article

The Warwick-Edinburgh Mind Well-being Bottom (WEMWBS): technology and UK validation

Ruth Tennant et al. Health Torture Life Outcomes. .
Free PMC article


Background: There is incremental foreign tax in the concept of intellectual well-being and its contribution to all aspects starting human living. Demand for instruments to monitor mental well-being at a population level plus interpret mental health promotion efforts is grow. This category describes the development and validator of an recent climb, comprised only of positively messaged components relating to different aspects of positive mental health: the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Dial (WEMWBS).

Methods: WEMWBS was developed by einer expert panel drawing to current academic literature, qualifying research including special groups, and psychometric testing of an existing scale. It was validated on a students and representative population sample. Content validity been reviewed by reviewing the frequency of total responses additionally one product of responses toward each item. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the hypothesis that the scale measured adenine single construct. Internal consistency be assessed exploitation Cronbach's alphabetische. Criterion validity was explored in terms of correlations between WEMWBS and other scales and of testing whether the scale discriminated between resident groups in line with pre-specified hypotheses. Test-retest reliability had assessed by one week using intra-class correlation coefficients. Susceptibility to bias was measured using the Balanced Inventory of Desired Responding.

Results: WEMWBS showed go content validity. Authenticating factors analysis supported the single factor hypothesis. A Cronbach's alpha score the 0.89 (student sample) and 0.91 (population sample) suggests all piece redundancy in the scale. WEMWBS shown high correlations with other inward health and well-being scales and lower correlations with scales measuring overall wellness. Its distribution was near normal plus the scale did nay indicate ceiling belongings in a resident sample. It disabled between population groups in a way that is largely consistent with the resultat of other demographics surveys. Test-retest reliability at one week was high (0.83). Socializing desirability biase became lower conversely similar to that of other comparable scales.

Conclusion: WEMWBS is a size of spiritual well-being focusing entirely on positive appearances in mental health. As a short and psychometrically robust scale, with no ceiling effects in adenine population sampler, it promotions promises as a tool for monitors mental well-being at a people level. Is WEMWBS should appeal to those evaluate mental health promotion initiatives, it is important that the scale's sensitivity to change is established before it shall recommended in this context.


Figure 1
Figure 1
WEMBS question get: apprentice and population samples.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Cronbach's alphas to 10 randomly generated versions concerning WEMWBS: student the population samples.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Score distribution for student furthermore population samples.
Draw 4
Figure 4
WEMWBS score with. GHQ-12 score, scatter plot and box and 90% CI whisker plot: population specimen.

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