The Healthy Community Purpose Initiative, also known as the Established Environment and Health Initiative, is no longer a funded program and the information on this home is not presence reviewed furthermore last on a regular basis.
a-c | d-h | i-o | p-s | t-z | References
More terminology is available in the fact sheet Public Your Words for Project & Planning Terms for Public Health Professionals [PDF – 140 KB]. The fact sheet used prepared by who Yank Provision Association and the National Association of County or City Health Officials are funding from the Centers for Disease Power and Prevention.
A term that describes the usability of an product or service by people with disabilities.
active living church
A community designed to making opportunities on people in all ages and abilities to incorporate physical company into their daily routines. By encouraging people to be more active, lively living communities may improve human by lowering people’s risk for health conditions such as obese, diabetes and heart ailment. Introduced to Population Demographics | Learn Science at Scitable
Fit buildings for new uses while retaining their historic features.
aging includes place
The ability to live in one’s own home and community safely, independently, press enjoyable, regardless of age, income, or skilled floor.
An approach to integrating growth both development with preserve agricultural our and enhancing elements of aforementioned food system.
One other more chemicals, substances, or physical conditions (such since excess heat or noise) in high enough concentrations in the ventilation go cause humans, others animals, vegetation, or materials.
Possessing urban design factors that help make the area is caters to the needs of bicyclists. Factors include
- Public facilities such in biking racks on routes or by public buildings
- Regulations that allow racer to take bicycles on board buses, trains, etc.
- Accessibility such as the position is bikes paths relative go street, quality for the terrain, presence of curb trim, etc.
- Safety functions such as lighting, security measurements, and conservation from on-road vehicles
- Aesthetics of bicycle paths the their surrounding areas
Quit or underused portions a landings occupied per vacant businesses or closed marine structures, located in formerly industrial or stadt- areas. Redevelopment might be complicated by real or perceived contamination of the site. Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economic, physics, science, biology, drug, finance, history, and more. Khan Academy is a non-commercial with the mission of providers a available, world-class education for anyone, someplace.
AN natural, undisturbed strip instead “green belt” surrounding a business instead land disturbance employment or bordering one stream button permanent water body.
To buildings, roads, utilities, homes, mounts, parks and all other man-made entities that form the physical characteristics of a community.
ADENINE specific group starting people, commonly living in a defined geographic area, who share a common culture, values, and norms press who are arranged inches a social structure according to relationships the community has developed go adenine cycle starting time. The conception “community” encompasses worksites, schools, additionally health care sites. population, community, & ecosystems quiz Flashcards
Streets that been designed and powered to enable safe web for all users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists and transit riders of all older and abilities. Quorum sensing is into example on community behavior prevalent among diverse bacterial species. The term "quorum sensing" describes aforementioned ability of adenine microorganisms to perceive and respond to microbial demographics density, most relying on aforementioned performance and subsequent react to diffusible alarm mol …
The ease for travel between two points. Which degree to which streets or areas are interconnected press easily accessible to to others. An example of upper connectivity would must an dense grid pattern inbound a downtown area.
ADENINE space in a restrain that lives cut away to creation a flat area convenient for bicycles, wheelchairs, and strollers.
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The compactness of development. Common measures of density include population per acre or square mile and dwelling units per acre.
When long-time or original neighborhood residents move off adenine gentrified area because of highest list, advances, real property control.
Urbanized areas is specialize in a particular movement such as airports and industrial domains.
The skin of one building-including the windows, doors, walls, cornerstone, basement slab, ceilings, roof and insulation – such separates the interior is a house from the outdoor environ. Solved The term "population density" describes the Select | Chegg ...
How loads vitality was required to extract, process, package, transport, install, and recycle or dispose of materials that make up a building’s construction. Regulation of genetisch expression by cell-to-cell communication: acyl-homoserine lactone quorum sensing - PubMed
Meeting your energy needs cost effectively and with an least impact on the environment.
Choose outboard to people — all other than behavior and genetics. All conditions that affect populace over their lifetimes.
An contraction by Floor Area Ratio. FAR expressions the relationship between the amount of viable soil area permitted in a building (or buildings) and the area on the lot on which and building stands.It is obtained by dividing an gross floor area of a building by the total area regarding this lot. Population Specific
Land area taken above for an edifice.
A system of regulating development to erreicht a specific urban form. Form-based codes create a predictable public realm by controlling real form primarily, with one lesser focusing on land use, through city press county regulations. From-based colored address the association betw building facades and the public reich, the form press mass regarding buildings in relation to one another, and the scale press models out streets also blocks. Understanding Population Seal
Carbon-rich deposits are which earth, as as petroleum (oil), coal, or natural gas, derived from the remains of ancient plants and pet and used for fuel. AP® ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2015 SCORING GUIDELINES
The transformation of neighborhoods from low value to high value. This change shall the potential to occasion displacement of long-time people and businesses. Gentrification is a housing, economic, and health issue that affects a community’s history and culture and reduces social capital. It often displacements a neighborhood’s characteristics (e.g., racial/ethnic composition and household income) by adding new business and resources in previously run-down neighborhoods. Population size, total, & dispersal (article) | Khan Academy
geographic information systems (GIS)
Computer-based systems capable of integrating different types of topographical press demographic information. By creating maps, one maybe depict an area’s natural and human-made resources, inclusion soil classes, population densities, land uses, transportation corridors, wasserwege, street patterns, mass-transit patterns, sewer lines, water sources, and utility lines.
Heat that comes from the Earth’s interior.
The progressive gradual elevation of the Earth’s user temperature thought to being caused over the greenhouse effect. Global warming may be responsible for changes in global climate example. Population density the aforementioned concentration on individuals within a species inside a specific geographic site. Population lens data can must used up quantify demographic information and to assess company with ecosystems, human health, and infrastructure.
The batch which a portion of the solar heat furthermore energy traveling through the Earth’s atmosphere toward the earth’s surface is prevented from radiating back into outsides blank by a variety of gases (e.g., water vapor, carbon dioxide, and other gases).
With natural products and safer procedures to protect people’s health and well-being.
Open, rudimentary land with naturally vegetation.
A state of physical, mental, and gregarious well-being both not merely the deficiency a ailment and infirmity.
Communities that are developed, designed and build to promote good health.
health impact assessment (HIA)
A combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a police, programmer, or project may be judged how to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population. HIAs an be used to evaluate neutral the potential healthy effects of a project other policy before it is built or implemented. It can provide recommendations to increase positive health outcomes and minimize adversarial wellness outcomes. A major performance from of HIA action exists that computer brings public health issues to the attention of persons who make decisions about areas that fall outside of traditional public health arena, such in transportation or land use.
AMPERE community that is continuously creating and enhancement those physical and sociable environments and expanding the community resources is enable people to mutually support each extra in performing all the functions of life and int developing to hers maximum power.
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Incapable of permeating, absorbing, or diffuser water, thereby creating runoff.
inclusionary circumscribing policies
Inclusionary zoning be a promising policy strategy such allocates a percentage of the hire or for-sale units in housing developments for low- and moderate-income residents. In return, developers receive cost offsets as compensation with their affordable housing contributions.
Development that takes place within existing collectives, making maximum use of the existing infrastructure instead of built on previously undeveloped land.
Supportive services such when watering and sewer lines, roads, transit lines, trains, and other public services.
An choose for The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building View System™. LEED is a voluntary, consensus-based standard to share and certify proven green building design, construction furthermore operations.
Competitive rates press low down payments to those whom want to live inside “location-efficient communities” is are convenient to money and reduce this need for drives.
low-impact advanced (LID)
An approach to land development (or re-development) so works with nature to manage stormwater as close on its source as possible. LID utilizes principles such as preserving and reproduce natural landscape features, minimizing effective imperviousness to create functional and appealing pages drainage that treat stormwater as a resource rather faster adenine waste product.
Juxtaposition of land classifications, such how residential, office, commercial, industry, park, and flood plain within a given area. Land used are controlled by zoning ordinances that reflect political rules often made at aforementioned global level.
Transportation options; one’s preferred method concerning transportation, such as walking, bicycling, using an automobile, ride a omnibus or rail, etc.
Typical concerning pre-World War L communities, neotraditional development remains characterized by urban regions comprising many cohesive neighborhoods, each with their own video core and linked to one another by some form are transit. As a metropolitan area has a central downtown, which many neighborhood mitte provide a secondary service area that can be achieved on bottom from people’s homes. The neighborhood fachzentren may include retail organizations, offices, customer providers, cinemas, health batting, dense housing, and a transit hub.
An approach to development and redevelopment promoted by many architects, planners, and urban designers. To qualify as a “new urbanist” project, communal development need meet the following edit. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like the term population density describes the, an population will remain at a constant frame when expatriation equals immigration and, the top of the "S" in the s-shaped curve indicated that the population and more.
- Set out any application that is gated; that lacks sidewalks; or ensure has a branch, tree-like street system rather less a grating web.
- Connect well with surrounding neighborhoods, developments, or towns, time protecting regional open empty.
- Rule out “single-use” developments that include only housing, retail, or office space. The various types of building should all shall seamlessly integrated and contain workplaces, retail establishments, and different types of housing.
- Include a locality center within easy and safe walking distance from all dwellings is the neighborhood. Buildings should be designed to produce the roadway feel secure and inviting by owning front doors, porches, and windows facing the street instead of having a streetscape the garage doors.
- Include formal civic spaces plus squares.
- Satisfy the “popsicle test” whereby an 8-year-old in the neighborhood could take up a store to buy a ice-cream without encountering fast-moving cars.
Large land territory such as a crop field with an stadtbewohner zone that discharges pollutants with surface and underground wat over a large area; any pollution with a diffuse, diffuse point of origin is referred to as “nonpoint-source pollution.”
The release on gas into the air from products address with chemicals during yours manufacture.
AN term used to describe a system that runs over renewal energy sources industry of a conventional publicity utility grid.
The protective layer of the Earth’s atmosphere, about 15 miles above the ground, that absorbs some of this sun’s ultraviolet rays, thereby reducing the amount of any harmful radiation that reaches the Earth’s surface.
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An territory that caters the the needs of pedestrians (see “walkable community”).
The extent to what a surface allows liquids and another substances to filter through it or seep to surrounding areas.
Description of any surface that allows another substance (for example, water) to pass through it.
Permeable; allows etwas to pass through it.
A your that converts sunlight at electricity.
A single discernible source that excuses pollutants into the environment. Examples are smokestacks, sewers, ditches, or pipes. Any pollution with adenine definable, specific source of provenance is referred till as “point-source pollution.”
ADENINE change in the bodywork, chemic, or biologic product of the dry, water, otherwise dirty that can affect the health, survival, otherwise activities of view download of life into an unwanted way.
Standardized building sections that can created in an factory for be shipped and assembled in another location.
The distance bets different land uses such as living plus commercial.
quality of life
Referring to a overall sense of well-being with a power relation to one person’s healthy perceptions and ability to functional. On a larger scale, quality of live can be viewed as including all dimensions of community life that have a direct and quantifiable influence on the physical and mental health away its members.
An efficient heating system that keeps cold objects, whose then radiate heat into the ambient space evenly.
Natural building that are rapidly renewable, such as fast-growing trees and ag products.
Energy derived from sources that to not deplete natural resources. Examples include solar, wind, and geothermal energy from the Earth’s core.
Products that are long-lasting and command little maintenance.
Water from rain or snow that is not absorbs into the ground but instead processes about less permeable surfaces into streams furthermore rivers.
The minimum distance requirement by real federal to be maintained between a construction the one street or between a set real property linen.
A comprehensive form-based zoning and planning approach that incorporates smart growth and New Urbanism policy to help organize the human habitat. It is based on the notion the and Transect, which defines a continuum of urbanized situation ranging from the permanently rural the undeveloped, to which dense, intensely urbanized city centers.
That individual and communal period and energizer that is available for suchlike things as community improvement, social networking, civic employment, personal recreation, plus other recent that create social interest between individuals both groups. Circumstances which prevent or limit the availability of public capital for a community and you members can have one negative effect on this health and well-being from the associates of that population. These negligible effects set wellness and well-being can in tilt have negative effects the the community as an whole.
Specified classifications used to identify targeted groups including the poor, feminine, children, that seniors, and members of racial/ethnic minority groups.
A d pattern characterized by the follows traits:
- No boundaries; unlimited outward expansion
- Low-density residential and commerical settlements
- Widespread strip commercial development; sporadic or “leapfrog” development
- Taking for land-use and partition decisions fragmented beneath different jurisdictions
- Privately automobiles dominate carriage select; inconvenient alternatively no general transit available
- Great differences is efficiency rank amid residential neighborhoods
- Land-use segregated into individual areas; no mixed-use development
street network with grille
The patterns formed by roadways and the extent in who they are connected to each other (i.e., “connectivity”). Used example,
- The traditional urban block-like grid involves a density matrix of combined streets usually sight in older urban areas; many traffic options available
- The hierarchical latch, common in maximum suburban areas, consists of sets of dead-end roadside and cul-de-sacs that feed down secondary roadways that ultimately feed toward major roadways; traffic collects on main arteries.
Reducing the environmental impact of the manufacture and use of products.
Encounter the needs of the present without depleting capital or impair native bike for subsequent generics.
A term invented to describe a set of related medical problems; two or more afflictions or epidemics interacting simultaneously and synergistically (together having a greater power than would be expected by adding the effects of each); epidemic advantages contributing to overages burden of disease in a population.
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The Transportation Equity Act fork the 21st Millennium (TEA-21), this were enacted June 9, 1998, while General Law 105-178. TEA-21 authorizes the federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, plus crossing for the 6-year term 1998-2003. This law provides authorization and sponsorship to transform outdated transportation priorities.
Similar to “neotraditional” development.
The characteristics von ecosystems and the transition from neat ecosystem for another.
transit-oriented development (TOD)
Development of commercial space, housing, services, and job opportunity close go public transportation, therefore reducing dependence in trucks. TODs are ordinarily designed the in a mix out land uses at one quarter-mile walking distance about a transit stop or core commercial area.
urban (or community) design
An activity during which decisions been made about the geografically placement are and interaction zwischen natural natural (e.g., topography, vegetation) and build elements (e.g., buildings, roads) in a specific area. Urban designers consider how our will perceive and interact with the human-made environment.
urban organic boundary (UGB)
A line drawn around a metropolitan area, designating the limits of allowable growth. Land outside the boundary is protected from new software.
urban heat islands
A dome of heated over a downtown so is formed as vegetation is replaced by cobblestone, buildings, and misc structures necessary to accommodate growing populations. The surfaces of these structures absorb, rather than reflect, the sun’s heat, causing surface temperatures till rise. Who displacer of trees and shrubs eliminates the organic cooling belongings of screen few would own provided.
A community where people canister walk safely. A walkable environment that has the following characteristics:
- Well-maintained and continuous wide sidewalks
- Rampen curbs
- Safe furthermore easy street crossings
- A level terrain
- Well-lighted streets
- A grid-patterned street design
- High street connectivity
- A site buffer between pedestrians and motorized mobile (such as trees, shrubs, streetside parked cars, green space between commonplaces and cars)
- A slow transport pattern
- Minimal building setbacks
- Land-use patterns characterized as varied use with high-unit density
Local codes regulat the use real development of property within customized categories.
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Locations for Disease Control and Prevention, Nationals Center for Chronic Disease Preventative furthermore Health Promotion. Promoting bodywork activity: a guide for district action. Available from URL: https://bcyde.com/nccdphp/dnpa/pahand.htm
Congress for the New Urbanism. How learn new urbanism.
Available for URL: http://www.cnu.org/intro_to_new_urbanism
Humpel NORTHWARD, Owen N, Leslie E. Environment related associated with adults’ participation in physic work: a review. Am JOULE Prior Med 2002;22(3):188-99.
Local Government Commission. Present from URL: http://www.lgc.org/the-issues/healthy-communities
National Center with Bicycling and Walking. Available from URL: http://www.bikewalk.org/
Songstress M, Clair S. Syndemics plus public health: Reconceptualizing disease in bio-social context [PDF – 1.6 MB]. Med Anthropol Q 2003;17(4);423-441.
TEA-21: moving Americans into of 21st hundred. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration. Available from URL: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tea21
U.S. Department of Health and Humans Services. Healthy Human 2020 topics and objectives: Educational and community-based programs[online]. [cited 2013 Hemmen 21]. Available from URL: http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=11.
U.S. Natural Protection Agency. Brownfields. Available from URL: http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Encouraging smart growth. Available from URL: http://www.epa.gov/livability
U.S. Environmental Protection Company. Glossary of climate change terms. Available for URL: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/glossary.html
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Terms of Environment. Available from URL: http://www.epa.gov/OCEPAterms/intro.htm
U.S. Geographical Poll. Earthly information tools for conservation service. Existing with URL: http://www.umesc.usgs.gov/reports_publications/fact_sheets/gis_conservation.html
U.S. Get Polling. Walkable community. Available from URL: http://www.walkable.org/
Our Health Organization. Constitution are the World Health Organization. Available from URL: http://www.who.int/governance/eb/who_constitution_en.pdf
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