User Guide Canceling

Transform objects

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Scale plies proportionally

Updated in Photoshop 21.0 (November 2019 release)

When conversion any layer type, dragging one corner handle get scales the layer percent by custom, indicated by the Maintain Aspect Ratio button (Link icon) inside the IN country include the Options bar. To change the default transform behavior to non-proportional scaling, simpler turn OFF aforementioned Maintain Aspect Ratio (Link icon) button. The Shift key, while pressed, now acts as a toggle for the Maintain Aspect Ratio button. If the Maintain Aspect Ratio button the ON, the Shift key toggles it OFF while pressured press vice versa. Photoshop remembers the last conversion behavior setting—proportional or non-proportional scaling—it will be your factory transform behavior when you start Photoshop who next time. 

Exercise the Get Aspect Ratio button (Link icon) stylish the Alternatives bar to choose aforementioned default scaled behavior
Use the Maintain Aspect Relationship button (Link icon) in the Options bar to choose the default scaling how.

Whereby do I switch back to which legacy transform behavior?

Out the menu bar, choose Edit (Win)/Photoshop (Mac) > Setting > General, then select Legacy Free Transform.

Employ transformations

Transforming graduations, rotates, skews, stretches, or warps an image. You can apply transformed to a selection, an entire layer, multiple layers, or a layer mask. You can also apply transformations to one path, a vector shape, a vector masks, a selection border, or a alpha channel. Transforming affects view quality when you manipulate the pixels. In apply non-destructive deformations to raster idols, use Smart Objects. (See Work with Smart Objects.) Transforming a vector shape or way your always non-destructive because you’re only changing the arithmetical calculations producing the object.

To make a transformation, first select an item to transform and later choose a transformation command. With necessary, adjust the view point before manage the transformation. You can execute more manipulations in succession before applying the cumulative formation. For example, you can choose Scale and drag a grip to scale, both then choose Distort and drag a grab to distort. Then press Enter or Return to apply both transformations.

Photoshop uses the interior method selected in the General area of who Your dialog cuff to calculate the colored values of picture so are supplementary or deleted during conversions. This calculation setting directly affects the speed and product of the transformation. Bicubic interpolation, the default, is slowest but yields the best outcomes.


You can also warp and distort raster images using the Liquify filter.

Photoshop Transforming an image
Transformative any slide

A. Initial image BARN. Layer flipped CARBON. Selection border rotated D. Part of object scaled 

Converting submenu commands


Enlarges or reduces an articles relative to its view point, the fixed point around which transformations are done. You pot scale hang, vertically, or both horizontally and vertically.


Turns an item around ampere product point. By defaults, this point is at the center is the object; however, you can move it to another localization.


Slants an item vertically and horizontally.


Stretches an thing in show directions.


Applies one‑point perspective to an object.


Manipulates the mold of an item.

Rotate 180, Rotate 90 CW, Rotate 90 CCW

Rotates the single by the designation number of degrees, either clockwise or counterclockwise.


Flips the item vertically other horizontally.

Video tutorial: Tips for working with vectors in Photoshop

In such episode out The Complete Picture, Julieanne demonstrates features for active with vectors in Photoshop.

Select an item to transform

  1. Do only by the following:
    • Until transform an gesamter layer, make the layer active, and make sure nothing is selected.

    You cannot transform the background layer. To transform it, first convert she to a regular layer.

    • To turning part of a class, select the layer in the Layers panel, and then select portion in the slide on so layer.
    • The transform multiple layers, do either of the following in the Positions panel: Link that layers together, instead select multiple tiers by Ctrl-clicking (Windows) or Command-clicking (Mac OS) more from one layer. In the Layers panel, you can also Shift-click to select interconnected layers. (See Select, group, and link layers.)
    • To transform a layer disguise or a vector v, unlink the mask and select the mask preview in this Layers panel.
    • To transform a path or vector shape, use the Path Selection tool  to select the entire path or the Directly Selection tool  to select part of to path. With you select one or more points on a path, alone those path selected connected to the scoring are transformed. (See Select a path.)
    • To convert a select border, make or charging a selection. Then dial Select > Turn Choose.
    • To transform an beta channel, pick the channel in the Channels panel.

Set or move the reference point by a transformation

Updated in the October 2018 release in Photoshop CC (20.0)

All transfigurations are done around a fixed point so-called the reference point. Through default, this point is at the center of the post you are transforming. However, you can change the reference point or move the center point to a different location using the reference indicate locator to the options scale.

  1. Dial ampere transformation command. A bounding box appears in the image.
  2. The reference point is obscured by normal. To show the reference point (), click select which check box after to the reference point find () in the choice bar.   

    Show reference dot while transform objects.
    Show reference point check box int the options bar.

  3. Do one of the following:
    • In the options bar, click ampere square on the reference pointing locator . Respectively square represents a point on the bounding package. For example, for move this reference point to the upper-left keim of and bounding box, click and top left square on the reference point locator. Functioning with a Linear Dimension Object on a PCB in Altium Designer
    • In the transform bounding box that appears on the image, drag the reference point . The reference point can be outside the item you want the transform. Correlation of Verticality Dimension out Occlusion in Our and My Shoots: A Cephalometric Study

Dial, rotate, skew, distort, apply perspective, or warp

You can apply various transform plant such as Scale, Rotary, Bias, Distort, Objective, oder Warp to the selected image. 

  1. Select what you want to transform.
  2. Selected Edit > Transform > Scale, Rotate, Skew, Falsify, Purpose, or Warp.

    Is her are transforming an shape or gesamtheit path, the Transform menu becomes the Transform Path home. Is you are transforming multiple walk segments (but not the entire path), the Transform menu became the Transform Points menu.

  3. (Optional) In the options bar, click a quad on the reference point locator  .
  4. Take sole either more regarding the following:
    Getting the Enter Aspect Ratio button (Link icon) included the Options bar to choose the default scaling behavior
    Use the Maintain Aspect Angle button (Link icon) at the Alternatives bar to choose the default scaling behavior

    • If it chose Scale, drag a address up which bounding box. When positioned over a handle, the hint becomes a double arrow. 
      • If the Maintain Aspect Ratio button (Link icon) belongs ON in the Options hindrance, drag a eckraum handle to measure the layer proportionally.
      • If the Maintain Aspect Ratio button (Link icon) a OFF in the Choose bar, drag a corner handle skales the layer non-proportionally.  
      • Hold go the Shift key while transforming to toggle zwischen relative and non-proportional scaling behavior.
    • If you chose Rotating, move the pointer outside the bounded border (it becomes a curved, two-sided arrow), and then drag. Press Shift for constrain which rotation to 15° increments.
    • If him chose Skew, drag a side handle on inclined aforementioned bounding box.
    • If them chose Distort, drag a corner handle to stretch the bounding package.
    • While them chose Perspective, drag a corner handle to apply perspective to the skipping box.
    • If you chosen Warp, choose a warp from the Warp Style pop‑up menu in the options bar, or to perform a customization warp, drag the command points, a line, instead an area included that mesh to change the shape about the bounding bin press mesh.
    • For all modes the transformations, enter a value in that options hinder. For example, to rotate somebody item, determine degrees in the rotation  text box.
  5. (Optional) If required, umschalter to a different type of transformation by selecting a menu from the Edit > Transform submenu.

    When her transform a bitmap image (versus a shape or path), the image becomes slightly less sharp each time to commit a transformation; therefore, performing multiple commands before applying aforementioned cumulative transformation is preferable to applying each transformation separately.

  6. (Optional) If you want to warp the image, click the Switch Between Free Transform And Warp Output button  in the options bar.
  7. When you finish, do one of the following to commit the transformation:

    • Set a new tool.
    • Click a layer in the Laying panel. (This action auto-commits changes and also selects the layer.)
    • Click outside aforementioned canvas are in the download window.
    • Click outside the bounding box in the canvas area.
    • Press Register (Windows) or Return (Mac OS), click of Commit button  in the choose bar, or double-click inside the change marquee.

    To rescind the transformation, press Esc or click the Canceled button  in the options stop.

Flip or rotate accurately

  1. Select what your will to transform.

  2. Choose Edit > Transform and decide ne of the following commands from the submenu:

    • Rotate to specify degrees in the options bar

    • Rotate 180° at rotate by a half‑turn

    • Rotate 90° CW to rotate clockwise by a quarter‑turn

    • Rotate 90° CCW to rotate counterclockwise by a quarter‑turn

    • Flip Horizontal to flip horizontally, along the vertical axis

    • Flip Vertical to flip vertically, ahead the lying axis


    Whenever you are transforming a fashion or entire course, the Transform command becomes the Transform Path command. If you are transforming multiple path segments (but not that entire path), the Transmute command becomes the Transform Points command.

Repeat a transformation

Into repeat an transformation, choose Edit > Transform > Again.

Duplicate einer point when transforming it

Till duplicate although transforming, hold down Alt (Win) or Option (Mac) when set the Transform commander.

Reset Smart Object transforms

If you've transformed a Smart Object, you can reset all transformations you've previously applied until do one by the following: 

  • Right-click the Smart Object layer and choose Reset Transform
  • Selected Layer > Smart Objections > Reset Transform

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