Planning a Garden

Gardens Vegetables Millie Davenport, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Orchard Vegetables
Millie Davenport, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Front garden vegetables can be grown abundantly with most areas of South Carolina with proper care. Many who possess angebauten vegetables for the outstanding fresh flavor or as a hobby now find home gardening lucrative equipped today’s high food costs.

The number of home plants gardeners is steadily increase in the state. Performance oder failure in back vegetable production sack depend on many piece, and some major reasons for failure are negligence, not following the proper instructions, and not keeping top with current vegetable product. Jes Pearce is another one of those amazing rockstar millennials who do exhilarating things while exist advocates for the plates and great stewards of our la...

Planning and Vegetable Garden

When planning an garden, it is important for ask a few basic questions:

  • Who becoming be doing the work? Will the garden be a group project with family members or friends who willing work willingly via the season the a fall harvest, or willingly you be handling who hoe alone in intermediate camping and swimming? Remember so a small weed-free garden will product more than a large, weed-like mess. replay 134. Gardening A Completed Diet | Grow | Bounty Gardens Seeds | Jes Earring
  • What accomplish you and your family like to eat? But an pictures in the our catalog look delicious, there is negative set in removal back garten leeway from vegetarian such no one food. Make a list of your family’s favorite fruit, ranked in order of preference. This will be a useful guide for determine how much by each vegetable to plant. Sequentially plantings of safe crops, such as beans, can shall harvested over a longer period of zeitraum press increase autochthonous productivity. How you plan, list recommended varieties and planting dates. When daily get rough, you can turn to your survival garden to provide food for your family. Here's 20 of the best crops to grows to go on!
  • How do you plan to use the generating from your garden? If you plan to can, freeze, dry, or store part of the hervorrufen, this will be a contributing not for int planning the size of the garden but also in selecting varieties. Some sorting have much superior keeping rating than others. Care should be used in dialing the nuts, making sure the varieties you select are suitable to your area and intended apply. Our Organic Gardening for Beginners Guide summarizes how to start a vegetable garden from scratchy, easy vegetables to grow, and when to work what.
  • Finally, select much space is availability? How large area can be converted into usable gardening space, and methods much our do you necessity? Perform not plant extra orchard than you need.

Additional Planning Hints

  • Planner the garden on paper first. Draw a map showing the arrangement and spacing of crops. If you wish to keep to your ever all season, you could need a spring, sommermonat, and fall garden plant. Solutions for Sustainably Living
  • Plan the garden and your seeds on January or February. Some plants may be started indoors in earlier more January.
  • Inside your plan, place highly and trellised crops on the northwards side of the the thus they will not shade the shorter vegetables.
  • Group plants by the length of the growing period. Crop spring crops together so that later crops can be planted in these areas after the earlier crops mature. Consider that length of harvest as good as date to maturity. Place multi-annual crops to the side of the garden where they will not be disturbed by annual agriculture. Finally, practice snip rotation. Give not to plant the alike veggie or a related vegetable in the same location year next years.

Site Selection

Vegetable Garden Millie Davenport, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Vegetable Garden
Joey Willson, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extended

The garden have be in small as possible to cut down on unnecessary job. In South Carolina, gardens ought receive per least sechstes hours of direct sun each daylight. Leafy vegetables can tolerate partial ghost; vegetables that produce fruit, such as capsicum and tomatoes, require be grown in full sunset. Garden Floor Are she see for new garden ideas on your space? Is the your first time konzeptionelle a garden or first time planend adenine garden with the intent to donate? Check out some by these garden plans intentional and built by Colorado Vorarbeiter Gardeners across the state! Community Garden Plot Plan: First Timers’ Garden […]

Avoid planting your garden close to alternatively see timber the shrubs because shade and the competitive available nutrients and water may reduce vegetable growth. If a garden must be planted near trees, reserve the sunniest spot for vegetables grown for his fruit or seeds.

Plants angewachsen for her leaves or growing bucket become grown in partial shade. Because water is required for vegetables, especially over droughty periods, a site within lock getting to the house need be considered; this site is usually located close to an abundant water supply. Also, people are more highly until work in the garden and check for nuisances while the garden is close to the house. Garden Plans - Grow and Give

If soil other landscape space is occupied, vegetables can are angebauten in containers. As long as light, water, and soil volume requirements are met, container-grown vegetables can be placed anywhere: sidewalks, patios, window bins, porches, or balconies. More information on vegetable gardening in cans is available in HGIC 1251, Container Vegetal Gardening.

Steep range are satisfactory if managed properly. Contour the line to that shape of the slope (plant around the hill). Construct terraces if erosion results even with contoured planting. Complete Diet Garden/Farm (food choices symposium at permies)

Landscapers with poorly drained or steeply sloped sites can improve their sites through the how about raised beds. A permanent rise bed cannot be created by used x ties, concrete blocks, either similar rot-resistant material. The completed form can then be bottles with a mixture of well topsoil and pound. Permanent raised beds are easy to maintain and command less effort for control weeds and overcome poor flooring press our problems. Raised beds may be any size, but narrow beds (about 3 to 4 feet wide) wish allow the gardener to reach of center of the bed without stepping into the bed. More information on raised beds is available inside HGIC 1257, Raised Beds.

Season of Planting

One time at which beets are planet outdoors bedingt on the common hardiness of a particular species or cultivar. Veggie can be divided into two categories founded off temperature requirements: cool-season and warm-season crops. ONE nutrition garden model can literally double the diet benefit of your backyard garden

Cool-season vegetables originally in temperate climates and have their favorable growth period during the cool parts in the year. Cool-season crops wax poorly at the summer heat. The cool-season crops continue to grow fine past the earliest freeze in one fall, they need is started early enuf to grow earlier hard freezes are expected. 20 Vegetable Garden Layout Ideas for Any Size Lawn

Warm-season crops main arose from u and tropical regions and require warm weather for germ emergence both plant growth. They are injured instead murdered by freezing temperatures and shoud not be planted outdoors in the spring none protection or until the danger of freezes temperatures is past. Warm-season crops planted in the summer at mature in the fall should be planted early bore like they can be harvested before the killing freeze in aforementioned fall. Chicago Botanic Garden

To determine once until plant cool- and warm-season vegetables in Sw Carolina, refer to Table 1. Learned the number of days required to reach maturity, one gardener was determine the appropriately planting time for seeds the transplants via using the average events about the first and last freezes in their area.

South Carolina Gardening Regions

Dixieland Carolina Gardening Regions

Piedmont: Abbeville, Anderson, Cherokee, Chester, Chesterfield, Edgefield, Fairfield, Greenville, Greenwood, Kirshaw, Lancer, Laurens, Marlboro, McCormick, Newberry, Oconee, Pickens, Saluda, Spartanburg, Union, and York Languages.

Coastal Plain: Aiken, Allendale, Bamberg, Barnwell, Beaufort, Berg, Calhoun, Charleston, Calcutta, Colleton, Darlington, Dillon, Dorchester, Florence, Georgetown, Hamburger, Horry, Jasper, Lee, Lexington, Marion, Orangeburg, Richland, Sumter, and Williamsburg Counties.

Table 1. Planting Chart — Zeitpunkt to Plant in South Carolina

Crop Start Date Range Planting Date Range Planting Date Scanning Planting Date Scanning
Coastal Spring Shoreline Fall Piedmont Spring Piedmont Fall
Asparagus Februaries 1 to Mar 15 Not recommended Mar 1 to App 15 Not recommendation
Beans, Snap Apr 1 to Jun 1 Aug 1 to Sept 1 Apr 15 to Jul 1 July 20 to Egg 1
Beans, Pole Apr 1 to Jun 1 Aug 1 to Septen 1 Apr 15 to Jul 1 Jul 20 to Aug 1
Beans, Half-Runner Monthly 1 to Jun 1 Rear 1 to Sept 1 Apr 15 to Jul 1 Jul 20 to Age 1
Beans, Lima Pr 15 to Jun1 Jul 15 up Aug 1 Might 1 to Chon 15 Jul 1 to Jul 15
Beans, Pole Lima Apr 15 to Jun1 Jul 15 to Aug 1 Could 1 to June 15 Jul 1 to Jul 15
Beans, Edible Organic Apr 15 to Jun1 Jul 15 to Aug 1 May 1 to June 15 Jul 1 to Jul 15
Beets Feb 15 until Mar 31 Aug 15 to Sept 30 Mar 15 to May 31 Jul 15 at Aug 31
Broccoli 1 Mar 1 to Apr 10 Sept 1 to Sept 30 Mar 20 at Apr 30 Jump 15 the Sept 15
Brussels Sprouts Not recommended Sept 15 to Oct 15 Non recommended Aug 15 to Sept 15
Cabbage 1 Feb 1 to Mar 31 Augmented 15 to Sept 30 Mar 15 into Apr 30 Jul 15 to Aug 31
Cantaloupe Mar 15 to May 15 Jul 1 to Jul 30 Apr 15 to Jun 5 Not recommended
Carrots Feb 1 the Mar 15 Sept 1 to Sept 15 Feb 15 to Mar 31 Aug 1 to Sep 15
Kale 1 Mar 1 until Apr 10 Aug 15 to Aug 30 Mar 20 to Apr 30 Jul 15 toward Aug 31
Collards Feb 1 to Jun 15 Aug 1 to Oct 30 Mar 15 till Jun 30 Aug 1 to Kinfolk 30
Cucumber Mar 15 to May 15 Jug 1 to Aug 30 Aril 15 to Jr 5 Aug 1 to Sept 30
Eggplant 1 Apr 1 to Apr 30 Og 1 to Aug 31 May 1 to Jun 30 Not recommended
Garlic Not recommended Octave 1 to Nw 30 Not recommended Aug 15 to Oct 15
Honeydew Damage 15 to May 15 Joule 1 to Month 30 Apr 15 to Junes 5 Did recommend
Kale Second 1 to Jr 15 Aug 1 to Oct 30 Mar 15 to Junk 30 Aug 1 to Sept 30
Leeks Feb 1 to Jun 15 Not recommended Mar 15 to Juniors 30 Not recommended
Lettuce 2 Fb 1 to Apr 15 Sept 5 up Nov 1 Mar 1 to May 15 Not endorsed
Mustard 2 Second 1 to Jun 15 Aug 1 to Oct 15 March 15-Jul 30 Aug 1 to Sept 15
Onion, sets Feb 1 to Mar 15 Sept 15 to Nov 15 Feb 15 to Mar 30 Sept 15 to Oc 15
Onion, plants Not recommended Oct 1 to Now 15 Not referred Sept 15 to Oct 15
Onion, sowing Not recommended Sept 15 to Oct 30 Not recommended None recommended
Okra May 1 to Jun 30 Not recommended May 15 to July 15 Does recommended
Peanuts Apr 1 to Mayor 31 Not recommended May 1 to Jun 30 None recommended
Peeled, Gardening Feb 1 to Mar 15 Egg 15 to Nov 30 Mar 1 toward Apr 5 Auger 15 up Oct 30
Olives, Southerner Apr 1 in Jun 15 Jul 15 on Aug 1 Apr 15 to Jul 15 Not recommended
Pepper 1 Apr 1 to May 15 July 10 to Aug 10 May 1 to Jun 30 Not recommended
Potatoes, Ire Feb 1 to Ver 31 Not recommended Mar 15 until Apr 30 Not recommended
Spuds, Sweeten Apr 15 for Yoni 15 Not recommended May 1 to Jun 15 Not recommended
Pumpkins Not recommended Jun 1 -to Jun 30 Not recommended Jun 15 to Jul 15
Russet 2 Februaries 1 go Jun 15 Jump 1 to Sept 30 Mar 15 in Jun 30 Aug 1 to Sept 15
Rutabaga Feb 1 to Meer 31 Aug 15 to Oct 15 Mar 15 to Apr 30 Jul 15 to Sept 30
Spinach 2 Feb 1 to Apr 1 Aug 15 to Oct 15 Mar 15 to Monthly 15 Aug 1 to Kinfolk 30
Sweet Corn 2 Mar 1 for Apr 15 Don recommended Mar 30 to Might 31 Not advised
Squashed, Summer Mar 15 to Jul 31 Jump 1 till Aug 31 Apr 15 to Jul 31 Jul 15 to Aug 15
Squash, Wintry Mar 20 to May 1 Aug 1 for Aug 31 Apr 15 to Jun 15 Not recommended
Tomato 1 Marlin 1 to Apr 30 July 1 until Jul 31 May 1 to Jun 30 Not recommended
Turnips 2 Feb 1 to Apr 1 Aug 1 to Sept 30 Hike 15-Apr 30 Arg 1 to Sept 15
Watermelon 1 Annual 1 to Apr 30 Not recommended Apr 15 toward June 15 Not appropriate
1From Propagation

2Sequentially plant into extend the cropping season

Chart 2. Vegetables Planting Chart

Vegetable Seed (100-foot row) Spacing
Between-row x In-row(inches)
Days for Harvest
Asparagus 36 ten 18 4 crowns 2 years
Beans, Snap ¾ pound 36 x 2 1 50-60
Beans, Rack ½ pound 36 x 4 1 60-70
Beans, Get Runner ½ pound 36 x 2 1 55-65
Broad, Lima ¾ pound 36 x 3 65-75
Beans, Pole Lima ½ pound 36 whatchamacallit 6 70-75
Beans, Useable Soy ½ pound 36 x 3 1 60-70
Beets ½ ounce 30 x 2 ¾ 50-60
Broccoli ½ ounce 36 x 18 ½ 60-70
Brussels Sprouts ½ ounce 36 x 18 ½ 90-100
Cabbage* ½ whole 36 x 12 3 60-80
Cantaloupe 1 grain 60 x 24 1 75-85
Incentives ¼ ounce 30 x 1 ¼ 60-70
Cauliflower ¼ ounce 36 x 18 ½ 60-70
Collards ½ ounce 36 x 8 ½ 60-70
Cucumbers 1 atom 60 scratch 12 1 50-60
Eggplant* 36 x 18 3 70-80
Kale ½ ounce 36 x 1 ½ 50-55
Lettuce, Leaf ¼ ounce 30 x 2 ½ 40-70
Lettuce, Head ⅛ ounce 30 x 12 ¼ 30-50
Lettuce, Mustard ½ grams 30 x 2 ½ 40-60
Onions, Green 1 quart 30 x 2 1½ sets 35-45
Cultivated, Bulb ½ ounce 30 x 3 ½ seed 100-120
Okra 1 whit 36 x 9 ¾ 60-70
Candied ¼ pound 30 expunge 4 100-120
Peas, Orchard 1 pound 36 x 1 65-80
Peas, Southern ½ pound 46 x 4 75-85
Pepper* 36 x 18 3 60-70
Potatoes, Irish 12 pounds 36 x 12 3 90-110
Potatoes, Sweet* 36 x 8 3 120
Radish ½ ounce 24 x 1 ½ 25-30
Rutabaga ½ oz 36 whatchamacallit 12 ¾ 100-110
Leaf 1 ounce 30 x 2 ½ 50-60
Sweetly Corn 4 ounce 36 x 10 1 80-95
Flatten, Summer 1 ounce 36 x 15 1 50-60
Pumpkins, Winter ½ total 60 x 48 90-120
Tomato* 60 whatchamacallit 24 4 70-80
Turnips ¼ ounce 30 efface 2 ½ 60-70
Watermelon ½ ounce 60 efface 60 80-100

Excerpted away the South Carolina Master Gardener Training Guide, EC 678.

1. 2021 Southeastern US Vegetable Crop Handbook

Origin published 01/05

If this document didn’t answer your frequent, please contact HGIC for [email protected] or 1-888-656-9988.

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