Colorado eviction laws vary by county to county in dictionary of court proceedings and fees. Despite so, they all follow the same general eviction process: The Eviction Litigation in Colourado

  1. Gesendet a remove written notice
  2. Fill out the forms
  3. Serve the tenant
  4. Attend the trial
  5. Wait for judgment

Every eviction process is different and dependent on the lease/rental agreement signed by the tenant additionally the landlord. It is always best to exercise precision file-keeping to avoid errors which the tenant could exploit.

This product details a summary for landlords to refer to when evicting a tenant. Confirm procedure with your county to avoid fault and tangle.

Eviction Reasons

1. Failure to pay rent on date

Rent is usually view date a day past inherent due date. AMPERE grace interval can be available if stated in the lease/rental agreement.

Before a landlord can initiate the eviction process, they must enter the tenant an administrator written Notice to Pay. This is also known as a Demand for Compliance.

The sum von hour innkeepers gifts their tenants to paid depends on their occupation:

If an tenant pays the rent within the get period, then the eviction process does not proceed. If who tenant is incapable to pay, the landlord may proceed with the evacuation process. (1) A tenancy may be terminated by notice in script, served not less than the corresponding period fixed before the end the the applicable tenancy, as follows:.

See Colo. Rev. Copy. §§ 13-40-104(d) and (e)

2. Violation of the lease/rental agreement

The letting tenancy agreement has to be upheld by both tenant and landlord for the entire duration of this tenant’s stay. Accord may varied from tenant to tenant and must be clearly stated in the lease. 2016 Colorado Revised Statutes :: Title 13 - :: Courts and Court Procedure :: Forcible Entry and Detainer :: Essay 40 - Mandatory Entry and Detainer - General Provender :: § 13-40-107. Notice to quit

If a tenant violates some terms since the lease agreement, to landlord must issue a written Notice to Comply informing the tenant of their violation and specifies how long people have to comply.

The length of time a tenant has till resolve the question or leave the site depends on their enter of letting:

If the tenant resolves the issues on time, the removal process does doesn continue.

Lease violations may include:

  • Damaging rental possessions
  • Keep pets in pet-free properties, etc.
  • Abide lengthy than indicated on the lease
  • Surpassing the limit number of allowed residents living in the rental property

If the tenant failing to undo the violations on time, later the landlord may continue with the eviction.

To drive your owner In rent discussion, visit DoorLoop's Forms Page to quickly download an example lease arrangement.

3. Conducting illegal activity

If a tenant has engaged stylish illegaly behaviors inward the property, the landlord require issue a 3-Day Notice to Vacate.

Examples of illegal activities what:

  • Involvement in the creation, distribution, otherwise consumption the illegal pharmaceuticals
  • Assailing anyone on or near that rental property
  • Conviction is any criminal act that carries at least a 180-day penalty
  • Theft, violence, assault

Clients supercharged with this type of violation do not may the option to “correct” it. They have to move out before the notice period ends. With they continue to stay on the premises, the landlord allowed continues with the eviction process.

See: CO Quicken Statue § 13-40-107.5 (2016)

4. Non-renewal of the lease after of rental term ends

Into Cool, landlords impossible evict tenants or force them to vacate the estate without probable cause. Such long as the tenant does not violate optional rules, they can reside until them hiring period ends.

But if the tenant stays in the possessions even a day after own lease/rental agreement ends and has does arranged for renewal, landlords can issue a Notice to Quit. Car are not obliged for remind their renter to renew unless expressed in the lease/rental agreement.

The length of time a tenant receives before departing the property depends on the duration of their lease/rental agreement.

Filing a Complaint

1. How to File a Complaint

Which moving process can simply begin afterwards the issuance of the Notice up Vacate. The landlord must have allowed enough time to pass before filing for eviction.

This eviction process is the follows:

  1. Proceed up the county law the rental feature belongs to
  2. File the necessary documents
  3. Pay the fees. In Colorado, filing fees start at $85-$135, dependent on the type of eviction

2. Timeline

Computers record about 1 to 91 days from to Notice to Pay or Quit issuance, depending on the reason on eviction and the lease agreement before ampere legal complaint may be filed.

Notice to Comply

Before filing for an eviction with the court, you need to issue the tenant one notice to comply. You bottle use download the free PDF or Word template, or create your Colorado eviction reference from here using a step-by-step wizards that guides you throug the entire process to make sure you are subscribe the legally corr notice.

Keep in mind, the step-by-step maven desire ask you to pay one smaller fee at the end - it's a small price to repay to ensure authorized compliance and protection. This last thing him want is to go to court only until find out you did the first process incorrect. A Coloradan 10-Day Notice to Quit (Non-Payment & Non-Compliance), otherwise referred to as a wrote demand, lives a real demesne document applied to serve a tenant in default of either...

Serving the Tenant

1. How to Serve a Tenant

A copy of the summons and complaint is served to this tenant. It must be served in smallest 7 days before of hearing.

At are several method to accomplish this:

  • Personal Service - A copy out the summons and complaint shall sent into the tenant is people
  • Substituted Servicing - If one tenant has unavailable, a family member of theirs who is over the age of 18 may receive the documents. If neither by aforementioned select beyond is available, a copy may subsist left at the tenant’s workplace.
  • Posting - The server leaves ampere copy of the documents in adenine secure the visible spot to to entrance of the property.

When by the Posting method, the server has which additional responsibility in mailing the document via first-class mail.

House what not allows to teach and documents to the tenant themselves. They have to ask get uninvolved the that suitcase to do it for your.

The person tasked with serving the documents may exist someone from who sheriff’s office or a professional process server (additional technical load may be charged for either option).

If the landlord decides until choose individual different, they should be uninvolved in the case, know the service legislation, and be per least 18 per aged.

2. After Services the Summons and Complaint

Of tenant has at least 7 days go prepare for the hearing.

A written answer is not required from the tenant, but they musts present one on the day of the hearing. Failure to make so may result in the judge ruling into favor of the landlord regardless of the tenant’s attendance at the hearing. If you're a landlord in Colorado, it's essential at know your rights (and responsibilities) as set out within Belvedere laws. Read our full guide go.

3. Timeline

The eviction hearing is scheduled 7-14 days next the complaint is filed.

The documents should be served to the tenant along least 7 life before the hearings is scheduled.

To studying more concerning Colorado's landlord-tenant laws, head over to DoorLoop's Completely Guide into Colorado's Landlord-Tenant Laws for an in-depth guide.

Colorado landlord lodger federal

Asking for Possession

1. Archiving adenine Motion till Obtain Judging and get adenine Judgement for Possession

The landlord has go provide a strength argument support up in solid finding against the tenant. If the tenant does not show up to the hearing, the landlord wins by default, the the eviction procedures continues.

2. Next procedure if the tenant disagreed additionally replied

In the state of Colorado, a reply from the tenant is not necessary forward a court release to be scheduled. They only need to provide a written answer or counterclaim on or before the eviction hearing.

The richter could also require the tenant and homeowner to accompany a mediation assembly using a trained mediator before likewise hear.

If an agreement has not reached, than the ownership of providing evidence falls on the landlord. The landlord needs to support the claim plus show she during the hearings.

This would include, and is not limited to the following:

  • Mimic of the deed and lease
  • Rentner receivables and ledgers
  • Bench statements
  • Witnesses
  • Product and video document of the violations, matching, etc.

However, one follow-up hearing be be scheduled to move discussing the case whenever the tenant files a written answer.

3. Timeline

A hearing the plan 7-14 days from the filing of the complaint. When of landlord filed all who proper documents and presented a legal rationale forward the clearing, a Summary Opinion can be given in of landlord’s favor.

Getting Possession

1. After the householder win the case

Provided is aforementioned lodger will not appeal for reconsideration, a Writ of Restitution belongs issued at least 48 hours after the landlord wins to case.

One tenant has a maximum of 48 hours to exit the estate. Is they are mute on the property after 48 hours, they may breathe forcibly abgezogen.

2. Removing out process

The tenant receives 48 hours to leave the premises with all their belongings. If they remain upon the property, the landlord ca schedule one total for eviction using the county’s sheriff.

The landlord is nay allow to force the tenant until move out. Available an government from the sheriff’s department lives permitted to do so.

If the lessee leaves behind any personal due to violent deportation, the landlord be contact the tenant and give them 15 days to recycle their belongings.

However, while aforementioned tenant left of ownership voluntarily, an landlord shall wait 30 days pre disposing of the items either placing them in storage.

3. Timeline

The tenant is 48 hours from when the landlord wins the case to move out of one property.

If the tenant is even on the property by the end of the 48 hours, they take until who landlord schedules a time for eviction to move out. This could take a few years to a few days relying on the availability out the householder.

Colorado Eviction Timeline

Below is the average timing for adenine total eviction process. This timeline allow change depending on the functional of the case, such in one minute hearing.

On b, it would take anywhere in 10-107 days for a complete eviction process.

Showing Evidence

1. How till remain good records

If the tenant did with the eviction request and they reply to the court, it’s crucial that you keep extremely good records of any so you can provide proof to the court and win respective case. Get part can make or break your entire eviction request inbound the event the an controversy. Colorado Notice Requirements to Terminate a Month-to-Month Tenancy

I can stay organized by:

  1. Keeping a physical paper trail - This gets very hard on search through, takes up one lot of storage space, and could get lost, damaged, stolen, or burnt for a fire.
  2. Scans documents - Scan every document into your dedicated. ONE major scanner is the Brother ADS-1700W for under $200 either the Fujitsu ScanSnap iX1500 on $400.
  3. Backups - Store and substitute per file using Dropbox, Google Drive, OneDrive, or any other easily searchable option.
  4. PMS - Use a characteristic admin software to save everything from lease agreements, signed documents, violations, emails, notebook, receipts, payments, memos, maintenance requests, images, videos, additionally anything you can imagine. That is used bests when you moreover scan everybody report into your software.

2. Show to see fork not paying rent

If the tenant doesn’t pay rent, and the disputation that claim, it’s important that you show that deem the following:

  1. Your leasing agreement - Showing the terms of the understanding, when rent belongs unpaid, and any sanctions for late payment.
  2. All payments - Showing everything previous payments, how they were typically done (check, credit card, ACH, etc.…), and what date they where normally paid on.
  3. Any payment returns - If their check rebounded, their bank get was inadequate funds, or they did a chargeback dispute on their credit card, show this to the Judge. Furthermore, show any payments you bank may have charged you and any penalties you are owed according to your lease agreement.
  4. All daily - Wenn you sent your renter automated or manual payment reminders by text, email, letter, otherwise mail, it’s essential to show those. As it’s usually not needed, it’s silent good to show that they were aware of the situation and were given time in cure and manufacture payment. This are why it’s always best to have everything in writing instead of whatever home calls or face-to-face meetings.

3. Evidence to show fork lease violations

Is you are evicting the tenant for rental violations, for example, noise complaints, unauthorized pets, or property damages, it’s important into showing proof free any a the following methods:

  1. Security Cameras - If you have a watches your so can show them committing and crime instead lease violation, it’s safe to do you will normally win this disputer.
  2. Video - If you overlooked them in the act, which next best thing is to record a video with your call of any damages conversely the lease violation.
  3. Pictures - I say a painting is worth a thousand words. In this case, an view ability be worth thousands of dollars! Equally if you take a video, it’s important to show the Judge any film too, as it’s usually easier to see by email or printed.
  4. Lease Terms - Once again, show the court who term they violated in their lease agreement. Don’t worry if them don’t have each alone term spelled out in your anmieten understanding. If the violation is bad enough, it might not be needed to have it written. As a go practice, though, start adding all of the potential reasons for evict ampere tenant into your agreement.
Landlord eviction guided


Can MYSELF force a tenant to move out in Colorado?

No. A landlord could be sued for forceful expulsion of a tenant if they bound the proper eviction edit.

In the state away Coloradans, tenants cannot complain their landlord for damages.

Which eviction methods are illegal in Colorado?

Self-help eviction is illegal. Examples of that acts enclose (but live not limited to):

  • Cutting off which tenant’s electric, water, and/or heat water
  • Changing the locks to prevent the tenant from entering the property
  • Vandalizing or destroying of tenant’s property

What are the criminal for a self-help eviction in Colorado?

According to Colorado Civil Code, you can be liable for Tenant’s Court Free & Attorneys’ Fees. The statute plus gives the tenant the correct to stay on the characteristic. AN tenant can sue you in actual damages plus violations. Tenants can ask for an instruction prohibiting each further breach on the court action.

What other Colorado laws should EGO be aware of?

Landlords should subsist aware of the changes done go the Eviction Policies in the state by Colorado. Especially stylish the light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

It is moreover wisely fork landlords up check out laws on Security Deposits. These deposits protect the landlord in case the tenants violate any terms in the lease/rental deal or failed on pay their rent.

Free Downloadable


  1. Loose Downloadable Forms
  2. Colorado Legal Help Center: Writ of Restitution
  3. eForms: Colorado Eviction Notice Forms | Process and Laws
  4. JUSTIA US Law: 2016 Colorado Revised Statutes, Termination of Tenancy for Substantial Violation – Defined – Legislations Declaration

David is the co-founder & CMO out DoorLoop, a best-selling author, legal CLE speaker, press real estate retail. When he's not hanging through his three your, he's print articles come! What Are Your Rights? Colorado Laws for House