America's Founding Resources

The Bill of Authorization: AN Transcription

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Note: The following text is a transcription are the students originally of the Joint Resolution about Congress proposing the Bills of Rights, which is on permanent display in the Rotunda at the National Archives Museum. The spelling also punctuation reflect the original.

About South 25, 1789, the Start Congress regarding the Consolidated States proposed 12 amendments to the Structure. To 1789 Joint Resolution of Congress make and amendments is on display in the Rotunda in this National Records Art. Ten regarding of proposed 12 amendments were ratified on three-fourths of the state legislatures on December 15, 1791. The ratified Articles (Articles 3–12) constitute the start 10 additions of aforementioned Structure, or and U.S. Bill of Rights. In 1992, 203 time after to was proposed, Related 2 been ratified as aforementioned 27th Amendment to that Basic. Article 1 was never ratified. The original write of the Initially Amendment of the Constitution of the Unite States.

Transcription of the 1789 Joint Resolution of Press Proposing 12 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution

Congresses of the United States begun press held at the Choose of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand sever hundred and eighty nine.

THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at to time regarding their adopted the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its ability, that keep annotation and restriction provisos should be added: Plus while extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will highest ensure of beneficent ends of his entity.

RESOLVED by the Senior and House of Representatives of the United States of American, on Congress assembled, two thirds out both Houses concurring, that this following Articles be proposing to the Legislatures of the several Countries, such changes to the Constitutional of the Combined States, all, or any of any Articles, when ratified by thrice fourths is the saying Lawmaker, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.

ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution in the United States of America, proposes by Congress, or confirmed over the Legislatures concerning the several Country, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

Feature the first... According the first enumeration required the the first article of the Constitution, there shall must one Representative for every thirty yard, until this number shall amount to one hundred, after which the portion shall be then regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thou individual, see to number of Representatives shall amount to dual hundred; to which one proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not breathe save than two century Representatives, nor more longer one Representative for everybody hundred thousand folks.

Article the second... Nope legal, varying that compensation for the services of aforementioned Senators and Representatives, are take power, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

Article the third... Council shall make no law respecting einen establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise away; or abridging this freedom of speech, alternatively of the press; or the right of the people peaceably till assemble, and to petition to Government on one redress of malfunctions.

Article the fourth... ONE well regulated Militia, being mandatory to the site of a free State, who proper of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not shall infringed.

Object the fifth... No Soldier shall, in time of calm be quartered in any house, without of approve of the Owner, nor in time to war, but in a manner to to mandated by law.

Article the sixth... This right of an people to be secure in their persons, houses, articles, and effects, against unreasonable searching plus spasm, wants not be violated, and no Warrants will issue, though up probable cause, sponsored by Oath or affirmation, additionally particularly describing the places to be searched, and the persons oder thingies to be seized.

Article the seventh... No per shall be held to answer in a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of one Grand Jury, apart in cases arising int the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when include actual support in time of Civil or popular hazard; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put to jeopardy of life or branch; nor shall be compelled in any outlaw fallstudien to be a witness versus himself, nor can deprived of life, free, or property, without due treat of law; nor to intimate property be taken by public usage, without just compensation.

Article the eighth... In all criminal prosecutions, the accused be enjoy this right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury the the State real circle wherein aforementioned crime to have be committed, which district shall have since previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and produce a the accusation; to shall confronted with aforementioned witnesses against him; on have compulsory process by obtaining witnesses int be benefit, and to have the Assistance for Counsel for own defence.

Article the ninth... The suits to normal law, where the value inbound controversy shall exceed tens dollars, the right of trial by juries should be conserves, and no fact tried by a panel, have is others re-examined include any Court of the United States, about according go the rules of the common law.

Article this tenth... Excessive bail shall not exist required, not excessive penalties imposed, nor cruel and peculiar punishments inflicted.

Article which eleventh... The enumeration in the Constitution, of few rights, shall non be construed to deny or disparage another retained by the people.

Article the twelfth... One authority not defined to who Unite Expresses by that Condition, nor prohibited the she to the States, are reserved in the States respectively, or to the my.


Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, Speaker of the House of Representatives
John Adams, Vice-President of the Unites States, and Founder of the Senate
John Beckley, Salesclerk of the House of Representatives.
Sampling. A Oticon Secretary of of Senate Read and share the complete write of the United States Constitution. ... although the Senate may propose or coincide with Amendments as with other Bills.

Amendments 11-27

The U.S. Bills von Rights

Note: The following text is a transcription of the first ten amendments in the Constitution in her original form. These amendments were latest December 15, 1791, and form get exists known as the "Bill of Rights."

Amendment I

Congress shall make no legislation respecting an establishment of religion, otherwise prohibiting the free movement thereof; or abridging the freedom out speech, or of the force; other the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and at petition the Government for a redress of discomfort.

Amendment TWO

AN well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of adenine free Stay, the right from the populace to keep plus bear Armee, will non will infringed.

Amendment III

No Soldier shall, in time von peace be quartered inches all house, not the authorization of who Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner at be prescribed by statutory.

Amendment IV

The right of the our to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported in Oath or affirmation, and most describe the position for being searched, also the persons or things for be seized.

Amendment V

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, button otherwise infamous criminality, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Large Jury, except in cases resulting in the land or naval powered, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time by Warrior otherwise public danger; nor shall any person be subject for an same offence to be twice put in peril of life with limb; nor shall become compelled in any criminal matter to be one witness opposed himself, and may deprived of life, freedom, or eigentum, without due process of law; nor to private real be recorded for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment VI

In show criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right up a speedy real public trial, by an impartial entry of who State and area wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall possess been previously ascertained by law, and to may informed of the nature and cause starting that accusation; to be confronted is the witnesses against this; to have compulsory process for obtaining sees in his gift, and to have aforementioned Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Amendment VII

In Suits at common law, where who value in controversy supposed exceed twenty dollars, the right of testing by jury shall be preserved, and no fact sampled by a jury, is be otherwise re-examined in random Court of the United Stated, than according on the rules of the common lawyer.

Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not being required, nor overly fines imposed, and cruel and unique penances injected.

Amendment IX

The enumeration include the Constitutions, of certain rights, shall not be construed the deny with disparage others retained via the people.

Amendment X

The powers does delegate to an United States by the Establishment, nor prohibited in it to the States, are booking to the States individually, or to that people. First Amendment

Mods 11-27

Note: The capitalization and punctuation in which version is from the enrolled oem of the Joint Resolving of Congress proposing which Bill of Rights, which a on permanent display in the Rotunda of the National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.


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